Self-care & Self-medication

Introduction

The concept of health is broadening to include wellness, prevention and the effects of the environment. The empowerment of patients and consumers of health; giving them greater choice, information, skills and responsibility is part of the present health care reform which must not be neglected.


Self-care

It is defined as a non-formally organised health activities and health-related decision-making encompassing self-medication, self-treatment and first aid in the normal social context of people everyday lives.


Self-medication

Self-medication is one domain of self-care. It means the selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat self-recognisable illnesses and symptoms.


Goals of self-care

There are 3 basic goals that encourage independence in health care through self-care:

  • To improve the quality of life of individuals by enabling them to maintain health and maximise their potential in health
  • To enable individuals to cope with chronic diseases and deal with minor problems
  • To help individuals to seek help and optimise the use of health care facilities