23 Feb 2012

Self Medication Guide For Common Illnesses

Read this leaflet carefully before taking your medicine. Ask your pharmacist or doctor if you have any further questions about your medicine.


1.  Generic Name or Active Ingredient:

     Triprolidine and pseudoephedrine


2.  Uses:

    Available as tablets or syrups to relieve symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis and common cold,

   such as sneezing, runny nose, watery and itchy eyes.


3.  How This Medicine Works:

     Triprolidine is an antihistamine that helps reduce allergic symptoms by preventing the effects of a

    substance called histamine. Histamine is produced by the body in response to foreign substances

    which the body is allergic to. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the

    nasal passages. This leads to clearing of stuffy or blocked noses.


4.  Do Not Take This Medicine If:

     ·     You are allergic to triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, or any other ingredient in this medication.


5.  Before You Start To Take This Medicine:

     ·      Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are allergic to any other medications.

     ·      Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you have glaucoma, urinary retention, severe hypertension,

            severe coronary artery disease, hyperthyroidism, are receiving Mono Amine Oxidase Inhibitor

            medicines to treat depression or suffer from any other health problems.

     ·      Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are or plan to get pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

     ·      Consult a doctor before using this medicine in children.


6.    Taking With Other Medication:

      ·     Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medication, vitamins, herbal

            preparations or supplements as they may interfere with this medicine.

      ·    Taking loratadine and pseudoephedrine together with antidepressant drugs call MAO-inhibitors,

           such as selegiline and phenelzine, can cause life-threatening reactions.


7.  How To Take This Medicine:

     Follow the directions on your medication label carefully, and ask your pharmacist to explain any part

     you do not understand.

     (hyperlink DIS)

    a)    How to take

          ·      Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water.

          ·      Use a syringe or measuring cup to measure the correct dose of syrup to be taken or served

                 to a child.


b)   When to take

        ·       1-4 daily, or as directed by your pharmacist or doctor.

        ·       Do not take more than 4 doses in a 24-hour period.


c)    How long to take

       ·       Triprolidine and pseudoephedrine treat the symptoms of your condition, but do not cure it.

       ·       Continue taking it for as long as your doctor tells you.


d)   If you forget to take

     Take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the

     medicine. Do not double the dose.


8.  While Taking This Medicine:


a)    Things you should do:

       ·     Inform any other doctor or pharmacist who are treating you that you are taking this medication


b)   Things you must NOT do:

      ·     Do not give this medicine to anyone else, even if they appear to have the same condition as



In case of overdose, seek immediate medical attention.

9.  Side Effects:

    All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the

    time they are not. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any side effects which are severe or


      Possible side effects:

     ·    Dizziness

     ·    Nervousness or restlessness 

     ·    Insomnia or drowsiness

     ·    Headaches

     ·    Nausea

     ·    Skin rashes or itching


10. Storage and disposal:

     ·     Store at room temperature and in a dry place.

     ·     Keep away from direct sunlight.

     ·     Keep out of reach of children.

     ·     Do not use after the expiry date has passed.

     ·    Return any unused or expired medication to the nearest pharmacy.


1.    Website:

2.    Micromedex Healthcare Series 2.0

3.    Lexicomp’s Drug Information Handbook 19th edition

4.    Malaysian Index of Medical Specialities  2011

5.    British National Formulary Vol. 60