27 Feb 2012

Self Medication Guide For Common Illnesses

Read this leaflet carefully before taking your medicine. Ask your pharmacist or doctor if you have any further questions about your medicine.

1.    Generic Name or Active Ingredient:

      Silver sulphadiazine 1% (SSD).

2.    Uses :

Available as creams for prevention and treatment of infection in second & third-degree burn wounds.


3.    How it works :

It kills the bacteria by destroying the bacterial cell walls and membranes.


4.    Do Not Use This Medicine If  :

·         You are allergic to silver sulphadiazine or sulphomanides.

·         The patient is a newborn child (less than 2 months old).


5.    Before You Start To Use It :

·         Inform the doctor or pharmacist if you have G6PD deficiency, and kidney or liver problems.

·         Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you have any other drug allergies.

·         Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are or plan to get pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

·         Consult a doctor before using this medicine in children aged 2 months and above.


6.    Taking With Other Medication :

      Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medication, supplements, vitamins or herbal preparations, as some medicines can interfere with each other.It should not be taken with a topical proteolytic.


7.    How to use this medicine :

      Follow the directions on your medication label carefully, and ask your   pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand.

a)   How to use

                  i.    Wash your hands thoroughly before and after using this cream.

                ii.    Before applying the cream, gently clean off any dead skin or scabs from the burn wound.

               iii.    Spread a very thin layer (1-2mm thick) over the wound. You may then cover the wound with a bandage, though this is usually not necessary.

               iv.    Keep the wound area clean at all times.


      b) When to use

·         Once or twice daily, or more frequently on areas where it is easily washed off.


c)    How long to use

·         Until the wound is completely healed.


d)   If you forget to use it 

Use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine.Do not double the dose.


8.    While Using This Medicine :

a)   Things you should do :

·         Bathe daily to increase debridement

·         Burned areas should be covered with the cream at all times.

·         Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medication at the same time, or if you develop any allergic reactions.

·         If the burn wound does not heal or if it becomes worse, consult your doctor.

b) Things you must NOT do :

·         Do not apply the cream in or around your eyes, mouth or nose.

·         Do not share your medication with anyone else.

In case of overdose, seek immediate medical attention.

9.    Side effects :

      All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time they are not. Tell your pharmacist or doctor if you have any side effects which are severe or persistant.

      Possible side effects are:

·         Allergic reactions including burning

·         Itching

·         Rashes

·         Skin discoloration

10.Storage & disposal :
  • Store at room temperature and in a dry place
  • Keep away from direct sunlight
  • Keep out of reach of children
  • Do not use after the expiry date has passed
  • Return any unused or expired medication to the nearest pharmacy.

1.    Micromedex Healthcare Series 2.0

2.    Lexicomp’s Drug Information Handbook 19th edition

3.    Malaysian Index of Medical Specialities 2011

4.    British National Formulary Vol.60