23 Feb 2012

1. Generic Name or Active Ingredient:


2. Uses:

This medicine is available in tablet or liquid form for the treatment and prevention of heartburn with acid indigestion. It can also treat stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid (such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome).

 3. How This Medicine Works:

 It works by decreasing the amount of acid made by the stomach.

4. Do Not Take This Medicine If:

  • You are allergic to ranitidine or similar medicines such as cimetidine or famotidine.
  • You are under 18 years of age.

5. Before You Start To Take This Medicine:

  • Inform your pharmacist of doctor if you are allergic to any other medications.
  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you have kidney disease, liver disease, or a history of acute porphyria.
  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you have suffered from heartburn for longer than 3 months, if you have trouble swallowing food, if you are vomiting blood, or have blood in your stools. These may be signs of a more serious stomach condition.
  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are or plan to get pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Consult a doctor before using this medicine in children.


 6.    Taking With Other Medication:

Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are taking any other medication, vitamins, herbal preparations or supplements as they may interfere with this medicine.


7. How To Take This Medicine:

Follow the directions on your medication label carefully, and ask your pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand (National Call Centre).

a)    How to take

Swallow the tablet whole with a full glass of water.



b)   When to take

  •  If you are taking one dose a day, take the tablet at night.
  • If you are taking two doses a day, take one tablet in the morning and one at night.

c)    How long to take

  • Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
  • Do not use this medicine to treat heartburn for longer than 2 weeks in a row. If your symptoms persist after this period, consult your doctor.

d)   If you forget to take


Take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine. Do not double the dose.


8.    While Taking This Medicine:


a)    Things you should do:

If you are using this medicine to prevent heartburn, take it 30 to 60 minutes before eating or drinking anything that causes you to have heartburn.


b)   Things you must NOT do:

 Do not stop taking your medicine or change the dosage without consulting your doctor.


In case of overdose, seek immediate medical attention.



9. Side Effects:

 All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time they are not. Tell your pharmacist or doctor if you have any side effects which are severe or persistant.


Possible side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
  • Blistering, peeling, red skin rash.
  • Dark-colored urine or pale stools.
  • Fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat.
  • Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, pain in your upper stomach.
  • Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness.
  • Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.

10. Storage and disposal:

  • Store at room temperature and in a dry place.
  • Keep away from direct sunlight.
  • Keep out of reach of children.
  • Do not use after the expiry date has passed.
  • Return any unused or expired medication to the nearest pharmacy.