27 Feb 2013

Self Medication Guide For Common Illnesses


Read this leaflet carefully before taking your medicine. Ask your pharmacist or doctor if you have any further questions about your medicine.


1.  Generic Name or Active Ingredient

2.  Uses:

Available as liquid eye gel for the treatment of dry, irritated eyes caused by a reduced flow of tears.


3.  How This Medicine Works:

It is a tear substitute which forms a non-blurring, protective film to prevent dry eyes.


4.  Do Not Apply This Medicine If:

  • You are allergic to carbomer or any other ingredient in this product.

5.  Before You Start To Apply This Medicine:

  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are allergic to any other medication.
  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are wearing contact lenses.
  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are or plan to get pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Consult a doctor before using this medicine in children.

6.    Using With Other Medication:

  • Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medication, vitamins, herbal preparations or supplements as they may interfere with this medicine.
  • If using with other eye drops, wait 5 minutes between applications of different eye medications. Always use carbomer eye gel last.

7.  How To Use This Medicine:

Follow the directions on your medication label carefully, and ask your pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. (hyperlink DIS)

a)    How to apply

                  i.    If you wear hard contact lenses, remove them before using this medicine. Leave them out for at least 30 minutes after applying the ointment.

                ii.    Wash your hands with soap and water before and after using this medicine.

               iii.    Remove the outer cap.

               iv.    Gently pull down your lower eyelid to form a pouch/pocket.

                v.    Tilt your head back and look up.

               vi.    Put the tip of the tube close to your lower eyelid. Do not let it touch your eye.

              vii.    Drop 1 drop into the pocket made between your lower eye lid and eye ball.

            viii.    Close your eye for about a minute. Do not blink or rub your eye.

               ix.    After using, keep the tube tightly closed.


b)   When to apply

3 to 4 times daily, or as directed by your pharmacist or doctor.


c)    How long to apply

Until your symptoms resolve, or as directed by your pharmacist or doctor.


d)   If you forget to apply it

Apply it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to apply the medicine. Do not double the dose.


8.  While Applying This Medicine:


a)    Things you should do:

  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you develop severe eye irritation, redness, or swelling after using this medicine.
  • Consult your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or become worse after using this medication.

b)   Things you must NOT do:

  • Do not share your medication with anyone else.
  • Do not touch the applicator tip or let it touch your eye or any other surface.
  • Do not wear soft contact lenses while using this medicine.

In case of overdose, seek immediate medical attention.


9.  Side Effects:


All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time they are not. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any side effects which are severe or persistent.

Possible side effects are:
  • Burning or stinging in the eyes.
  • Sticky feeling in the eyes.
  • Blurring of vision (temporary).
  • Eye redness, swelling or pain.
10. Storage and disposal:
  • Do not use longer than 4 weeks after the tube has been opened.
  • Store at room temperature and in a dry place.
  • Keep away from direct sunlight.
  • Keep out of reach of children.
  • Do not use an unopened bottle after the expiry date has passed.
  • Return any unused or expired medication to the nearest pharmacy.

1.    Website:

2.    Patient information leaflet- Viscotears® Liquid Gel

3.    Malaysian Index of Medical Specialities  2011

4.    British National Formulary Vol. 60