27 Feb 2013

Self Medication Guide For Common Illnesses

Read this leaflet carefully before taking your medicine. Ask your pharmacist or doctor if you have any further questions about your medicine.

1.  Generic Name or Active Ingredient:

     Antazoline phosphate 0.5%, Naphazoline HCl 0.05% eye drop


2.  Uses:

      Available as eye drops to relieve redness, burning, irritation, and dryness of the eye caused by wind, sun, and other minor irritants.

3.  How This Medicine Works:

      It is a symphatomimetic agent which reduces swelling, produces constriction of the conjunctiva to decrease congestion, and prevents allergic reactions by causing the release of various chemicals.

4.  Do Not Apply This Medicine If:
  • You are allergic to antazoline and/or naphazoline.

·         You suffer from other eye problems (narrow-angle glaucoma), high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disorder, heart disease, or asthma.

·         You are wearing soft contact lenses.

·         You are pregnant.

·         The patient is an infant or child aged less than 12 years old.


5.  Before You Start To Apply This Medicine:

  • Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are allergic to any other medications.

·         Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you plan to get pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

6.    Using With Other Medication:

Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medication, vitamins, herbal preparations or supplements as they may interfere with this medicine.


7.  How To Use This Medicine:

      Follow the directions on your medication label carefully, and ask your pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. (hyperlink DIS)


a)    How to apply

                  i.    If you wear hard contact lenses, remove them before using this medicine. Leave them out for at least 30 minutes after applying drops.

                ii.    Wash your hands with soap and water before and after using this medicine.

               iii.    Shake the container and remove the outer cap.

               iv.    Hold the container upside down in one hand between your thumb and forefinger.

                v.    Using your other hand, gently pull down your lower eyelid to form a pouch/pocket.

               vi.    Tilt your head back and look up.

              vii.    Put the tip of the container close to your lower eyelid. Do not let it touch your eye.

            viii.    Drop the correct number of drops into the pocket made between your lower eye lid and eye ball.

               ix.    Close your eye for about a minute. Do not blink or rub your eye.


b)   When to apply

·         2 to 3 times daily, or as directed by your pharmacist or doctor.


c)    How long to apply

·         Up to 14 days or as directed by your pharmacist or doctor. Prolonged use may cause irritation of the conjunctiva.


d)   If you forget to apply it

Apply it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to apply the medicine. Do not double the dose.


8. While Applying This Medicine:


a)    Things you should do:

·         Inform your pharmacist or doctor if you develop eye irritation, redness, or swelling after using this medicine.

·         Consult your doctor if there is no relief within 48 hours of starting to use this medication.


b)   Things you must NOT do:

·         Do not share your medication with anyone else.

·         Do not touch the dropper tip or let it touch your eye or any other surface.

·         Do not wear soft contact lenses while using this medicine.


In case of overdose, seek immediate medical attention.

9. Side Effects:

All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time they are not. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any side effects which are severe or persistant.

Possible side effects are:

·         Eye pain or changes in vision.

·         Continued redness and irritation.

·         Fast or irregular heartbeat.

·         Large pupils.

·         Burning in eyes, red, swollen, or watery eyes.

·         Weakness or headache.


10. Storage and disposal:

  • Do not use longer than 4 weeks after the bottle has been opened.
  • Store at room temperature and in a dry place.
  • Keep away from direct sunlight.
  • Keep out of reach of children.
  • Do not use unopened bottles after the expiry date has passed.
  • Return any unused or expired medication to the nearest pharmacy.

1.    Holly Cronau, Ramana Reddy Kankala, Thomas Mauger. Diagnosis and Management of Red Eye in Primary Care.

2.    Micromedex Healthcare Series 2.0

3.    Lexicomp’s Drug Information Handbook 19th edition

4.    Malaysian Index of Medical Specialities  2011

5.    British National Formulary Vol. 60